Annually, a hundred million people globally face poverty because of healthcare expenses. Cancer treatment is especially costly, oncology drugs reaped USD 123.8 billion in sales in 2018, yet the lifestyle effects of the disease can be costly too.
Individuals need to understand the additional, non-treatment related expenses and how certain policies can help cover these. Cancer is costly in a myriad of ways, regardless of the type of cancer and who is affected.
Cancer is costly
The majority of Sanlam’s 2018 disability claims (25 percent) were for cancer. Additionally, cancer and tumours accounted for 61 percent of severe illness claims. 80 percent of severe illness claims for women were for cancer, 31 percent of which were for breast cancer and six percent for skin cancer. 45 percent of men’s claims were for cancer, with 33 percent of these for prostate cancer.
A US study tracked the finances of 9.5-million people older than 50 at two and four years after a diagnosis. A staggering 42.4 percent had depleted their life’s assets by year two. By year four, financial insolvency reached 38.2 percent.
It is imperative employers start asking if their employees are protected against the obvious – and less obvious – financial impacts of cancer.
Raise awareness of lifestyle expenses of cancer
Karen Bongers, product development actuary for Sanlam Individual Life says employers can play a critical role in raising awareness among employees of the costs of cancer, including lifestyle expenses. ‘While many employers provide medical aid and some insurance cover, it’s also important to help make people aware of the full picture in terms of costs. In the event of cancer, having severe illness and similar policies in place could make a dramatic difference financially. It’s really important individuals understand all the additional, non-treatment related expenses and how certain policies can help cover these.’
Bongers says these are some of the most significant, non-treatment-related expenses:
- Petrol and transport costs: With yet more fuel hikes on the horizon in South Africa, this is a very real concern. Transport to and from doctors and treatment centres can add up, especially in more rural regions, where patients may need to travel further to receive care. Accommodation costs may also be incurred.
- Household costs: When patients are home for extended periods of time due to sickness, inevitably costs like water, electricity and data are likely to increase, which can add up to an extra thousand or so each month.
- Complementary therapies: Many patients seek alternative therapies, like counselling and acupuncture for example.
- Home care: Currently, a live-in caregiver earns around R54 000 pa according to PayScale. That’s about R4500 pm. This can vary considerably depending on experience. St Lukes provides free palliative care to patients and their families.
- Home adjustments: Another little talked about expense. Often homes need to be adapted to make patients more comfortable – for example, making sure a patient’s bedroom and bathroom are on the first floor. Variations could range from grab-bars in the shower to rebuilding a bedroom.
- Clothing: Often patients lose weight or want gentle, looser, comfier clothes, so it’s wise to budget for new clothing, including hats, pyjamas and slippers.
- Dietary changes: It’s also good to budget for a consultation with a dietitian regarding the best meal plan to follow, especially when experiencing chemotherapy, which can cause nausea and a lack of appetite. Then, food expenses might increase depending on the suggested diet. In addition, patients who feel too unwell to make meals for themselves, may opt for having meals delivered – a service that incurs more costs.
- Wigs: According to PriceCheck, human hair wigs can cost anything from R400 to R5000. However, some salons give discounts to cancer patients and CANSA distributes wigs from donated hair when these are available.
- Out of pocket medical expenses: There’s been a lot of conversation around the radical cost of cancer treatments recently and there are many reasons why medicine is so expensive in South Africa. Although cancer is a prescribed minimum benefit (PMB) for medical aid schemes, there’s often a sizeable shortfall, which is where gap cover may play an important role. However, according to legislation, gap cover is capped at an overall annual limit of R157 000 per person. Although severe illness cover pays per health event and not per treatment it can help cover out-of-pocket medical expenses.
Its vital employers provide talks and create awareness to ensure employees are clear on the cover provided through the company – for example, an employee needs to be aware if the company provides group risk cover and whether such cover includes cover for cancer. If not, an employee could always take out cover in their personal capacity. Sanlam Life offers a very comprehensive cancer-only benefit, specifically designed to offer cover where it’s needed.
Bongers concludes, ‘Employers have the opportunity to potentially change their employees’ lives by having essential conversations around how people can protect themselves when the worst kinds of curveballs like cancer happen.’